It would… be a mistake to see the development of education, health care and other basic achievements only or primarily as expansions of 'human resources'—the accumulation of 'human capital'—as if people were just the means of production and not its end…. [However,] basic education [and] good health… are not only directly valuable as constituent elements of our basic capabilities, these capabilities can also help in generating economic success of a more standard kind, which in turn can contribute to enhancing the quality of life even more… [although] the political economy of actual use can be very different from the potential possibilities generated.

Source: Amartya Sen, "Radical Needs and Moderate Reforms," in Jean Drèze and Amartya Sen, ed., Indian Development: Selected Regional Perspectives (Oxford Univ. Press, 1998), 6.


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