Only when a project also has beneficial impact on the surrounding community can it be considered successful planning. Thus, planning should be defined as "public action that generates a sustained and widespread private market reaction," which improves the quality of life of the affected community, thereby making it more attractive, convenient, and environmentally healthy.
Source: Alexander Garvin, The American City: What Works, What Doesn't (McGraw-Hill Professional, 2002), 3.


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